High blood pressure or hypertension is often called the silent killer for good reason. It usually causes no noticeable symptoms but silently damages blood vessels and organs, particularly the heart, brain, eyes and kidneys. Knowing the signs and symptoms of high blood pressure can be a crucial step in early detection and treatment and can help prevent more serious health complications.
Understanding High Blood Pressure
High Blood pressure is determined by the amount of blood the heart pumps and the resistance it experiences in the arteries. The more blood the heart pumps and the narrower the arteries, the higher the blood pressure. Hypertension is diagnosed when blood pressure levels are consistently around 140/90 mmHg or higher.
The Subtle Signs of High Blood Pressure
Most people with high blood pressure may not experience any symptoms, even when readings reach dangerously high levels. However, in some cases, especially when blood pressure suddenly rises or reaches a critical level, the symptoms may become more noticeable:
Severe high blood pressure can cause headaches, although it is a common misconception that all headaches are related to high blood pressure.
Shortness of breath:
Shortness of breath can sometimes be accompanied by very high blood pressure.
Although nosebleeds are not usually a direct symptom of high blood pressure, they may occur more frequently in people whose high blood pressure is not controlled.
This is a more serious symptom that may indicate heart attacks due to persistent high blood pressure.
Facial flushing may occasionally occur, which is related to high blood pressure, but can also be caused by other factors such as hot drinks, spicy food or emotional stress.
High blood pressure can cause vision problems, including temporary loss of vision or blurred vision, due to its effects on the blood vessels in the eyes.
Blood in the urine:
In severe or chronic cases, kidney problems can occur, which manifest themselves as blood in the urine.
Although dizziness is not exclusively related to hypertension, dizziness can sometimes be a symptom, particularly in hypertensive crises.
Risk Factors and Prevention
Understanding risk factors is key to prevention and management. These include genetics, age, obesity, lack of exercise, tobacco use, too much salt in the diet, alcohol consumption, stress and certain chronic diseases such as kidney transplant surgery expensive and diabetes.
The Importance of Regular Monitoring
Because high blood pressure often has no symptoms, the best way to detect it is through regular blood pressure checks. These can be done in a doctor’s office, at home with a blood pressure monitor, or at public screening locations.
When to See a Doctor
If you experience severe headaches, difficulty breathing, nosebleeds, or other serious symptoms, especially if your blood pressure levels are much higher than usual, it is important to seek medical attention immediately.
The absence of symptoms can make high blood pressure a hidden threat and silently pave the way for serious health problems. Understanding possible signs and tracking your blood pressure levels are crucial steps in managing your health. Regular health checks and lifestyle adjustments, such as healthy eating, regular exercise, stress management, and adherence to prescribed medications, play a critical role in controlling blood pressure and maintaining blood pressure. General health. Remember that when it comes to high blood pressure, education and proactive health management are your most powerful tools.