Migraines: Causes, Symptoms & Relief


A migraine is a neurologic condition that is characterized by excessive stimulation of particular brain areas and can cause the sensation of throbbing or intense pain in one part within the skull. They aren’t just extreme headaches, however there are times when there is no headache. Other signs are nausea, vomiting, and sensitiveness to light and sound.

Causes and triggers

While no one is sure of the source of migraines. However, some researchers believe that migraines could be genetic and may be linked to genes that regulate the activities of certain brain cells. The majority of migraine sufferers 70 to 80 percent have an ancestral history of migraine According to National Headache Foundation.

Migraine pain happens when brain cells trigger the trigeminal neuron, one of the five nerves within the cerebral cortex, and release chemical that cause irritation and causes blood vessels located on the brain’s surface to expand in the words of National Headache Foundation. The blood vessels that are swollen send signalling for pain messages to the brainstem which process pain information. The sensation of pain is usually felt around the temples or eyes. The pain can also be felt in the sinus, face the jaw, or neck. When a severe attack occurs there are many who feel irritable to any object that touches their head. Hair combing or shaving can be uncomfortable or painful.

It is crucial to remember that there’s a difference between migraines’ causes and triggers of migraines. The cause is what makes an individual vulnerable to migraines, and the trigger could trigger migraines.


A lot of people experience symptoms that signal they may soon suffer from migraine. These symptoms can occur within minutes or even hours before the actual migraine. The symptoms can may include blurred vision or tingling of the arms or on the face difficulties speaking, or losing peripheral vision.

Around one-third of patients sufferers of migraines can tell the onset of migraines by observing an aura or seeing visual disturbances, such as blinking light, lines that zigzag the front of their eyes, or the temporary blurred vision as per the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke.

The migraine-related pain and nausea, vomiting, extreme sensitization to sound and light and the other associated symptoms can last from hours to days, before diminishing. The most popular moment for migraine pain to begin is at 6 a.m. according to American Migraine Foundation.


There are many kinds of migraines. A migraine type usually coincides with the associated symptoms.

The silent migraines:

The silent migraine are the only exception, because they are classified based on an absence of a symptom. These migraines can be described as migraines that happen without pain in the head, but they also include several of the other symptoms of migraine.

Eye migraines are typically referred to as the ocular, optical or the ophthalmic migraine. The terms are pretty interchangeable migraines. Ocular migraines can cause loss of vision or even blindness lasting under an hour and migraine headaches. Medical professionals may call these headaches’retinal or ophthalmic’, but they’re basically exactly the same.


complex migraines or migraines that are atypical are characterized by prolonged visually exaggerated auras.

The occurrence of hemiplegic migraines:

The uncommon and may result in symptoms like fatigue, chronic weakness seizures, and coma. The neurologic symptoms, such as memory loss or difficulty paying attention can last months or even years after a person is healed from migraine. Many may develop difficulties in coordinating actions, involuntary and rapid eye movements, referred to as nystagmus. They can also cause the mild or severe form of intellectual impairment.

The migraines that cause vestibular pain:

That are connected with vertigo. A person might feel dizzy or lose balance in an attack of migraine. Vomiting and nausea are typical symptoms of this kind of migraine.

Absdominal migraines:

The distinct due to the fact that they do not have anything to be related to the head. Many believe that children with sporadic abdominal pain could be suffering from abdominal migraines, as the signs as well as the social and demographic patterns and triggers for the pain are very similar to migraines according to research from The University of Aberdeen. While it’s not often, adults can also suffer from abdominal migraines.


Certain people might decide to see a doctor in the event of frequent migraines or very severe. However migraines are usually treated at home with home remedies.

Home remedies can include retreating to a quiet, dark area to unwind and apply cold packs to the aching area of the head, and using over-the-counter pain medications such as aspirin or ibuprofen. Reducing triggers is also helpful for a lot of.

A doctor may recommend tests to determine if there are tumors and infections, clots or clots in the brain, or other issues which could cause migraines. If any other health issues are eliminated Medical professionals might prescribe medication. Certain medications are effective for some patients but not in others, therefore the process of finding a medicine that is effective requires trial.

The majority of treatments consist of urgent medications that relieve the pain as fast as possible. They also include preventative or prophylactic medications to stop migraines from occurring in the future. The acute medications can be classified into three classes as per the American Headache Society: analgesics, triptans, and ergotamines. Analgesics are pain relievers that are not specific to any particular condition like aspirin and Ibuprofen. Triptans and ergotamines are specific to migraines.